Tips for Session & Workshop Chairs
You are the leader of the session. As the chair, you introduce the speakers, ensure the session proceeds according to schedule, and facilitate any dialogue between the presenters and the audience – all while maintaining a friendly and relaxed environment. Many presenters (and chairs!) are nervous before their presentations, so it falls to the chair to put everyone at ease –the more prepared you and your speakers are, the easier it is to feel comfortable when your session starts and the presentation begins.
BEFORE THE SESSION
- Contact Your Speakers. Before the conference contact your speakers to ask them if they have any questions about their presentation. Make sure your speakers know the date and time of their presentation. Ask them to give you a short biography with their relevant curriculum vitae material so that you can introduce them properly.
- Collect the Presentations. Ideally, you will have all of the presentations before the conference begins. If not, encourage your presenters to bring them to you on a flash drive so that you can load them on the computer well before your session time. This is the only way to insure a smooth run through for your session.
- Be Prepared. The session chairperson should be familiar with the topic of the session in general, and with the content of the presentations in particular.
- Meet Your Speakers. Arrange to meet your speakers early in the conference.
- Session Format. While the overall time allocation and order of the speakers are defined in the Conference Program, it can be very helpful to spend some time preparing the format of the session. For example, try to think about a general introduction to the session and/or each speaker, and decide whether questions will be taken after each presentation, or after all presentations have been made, etc.
- Confirm the Laptop and Presentations. Ideally, all presentations are loaded on a single drive or on a single laptop. No laptop is provided, so if you are not bringing one for your session, do make sure someone among your speakers has one. If the laptop is a Mac, bring a connection cable – some are proprietary and it isn’t guaranteed that the AV technician will have a spare.
DURING THE SESSION
- Get there early. Arrive in the room 30 minutes before your scheduled start to meet your speakers. There will be an AV tech and an AMIA staff person waiting for you in the room.
- Introduction to the Session. There should be an initial phase of making contact with the audience to get everyone’s attention and to introduce the audience to the topic(s) that will be addressed in the session. Don’t assume that everyone is familiar with the topic. The initial introduction should set the framework for the speakers that follow. This is also a good opportunity to inform your audience of the format of the session, for example whether questions will be taken at the end or after each presentation.
- Introducing the Speakers. Introductions create the audience’s first impressions about a speaker and can make them more interested in hearing what s/he has to say. This is particularly true if the speaker is relatively unknown (young scholars, newcomers to AMIA, students). Be accurate and respectful in your introduction. If you know the presenter and have something nice to say about him or her, say it. Tell the audience something about the presenter’s expertise, accomplishments or interests. This will help establish their credibility with the audience, and make the session more enjoyable for the audience and presenters. You can do this best if you have gathered the relevant biographical information prior to the conference. Immediately prior to your session, confirm with each speaker the accuracy of the information you will be using to introduce them and the correct pronunciation of their names. Ask if they prefer to be introduced using their formal name or by a familiar name (e.g., Samuel/ Sam, Deborah/Debby). In general, make the introduction short and accurate, so that the speaker doesn’t have to correct you during his or her presentation.
- Time Allocation and Control. This is the most difficult part of the session, as speakers tend to forget about time as soon as they have the floor. There are numerous techniques for time control, for example cue cards with 10-, 5-, 2- and 1-minute countdowns, or a session timer. Never rely on the speaker to have eye contact with you on a regular basis to determine how much speaking time is left, as they will may look at the audience or stare into their notes. As a last resort you may have to speak up and remind your speaker that they are running out of time. If there is no sign of the speaker drawing their presentation to a close you should interrupt at least 2-3 minutes before their allocated time is over in order to give them a chance to wind down their presentation. (To effectively interrupt, listen to the speaker’s breathing pattern and be ready to jump in when they take a breath).
- Coordinating Discussion. After the presentations, announce that the floor is open for discussion and explain the structure (one question-one answer, collected questions and then a period of extended answers, etc.). It is also a good idea to ask members of the audience asking a question to give their name and affiliation. If there are no questions, which often happens for a variety of reasons, you may help the speakers and the audience save face by having one or two questions to ask, but in general questions from the audience should have preference. If there are just a few questions, don’t artificially extend the session. If there are too many questions or the questions are too difficult to understand or answer you may step in and remind the audience that such specific issues can be discussed after the session. Sometimes, even questions from the audience can turn into small presentations. It is your responsibility to keep this under control, and to interrupt the questioner if necessary.
- Closing the Session. It is good practice for the session chair to sum up the session after the last presentation, rather than let the speakers and the audience discover that the session is over because the session chair has left the stage. A few sentences summarizing the content of the session, a final thank you to all the speakers and the audience (for their participation), and an announcement of the next session in that room are a good way to conclude a session.
AFTER THE SESSION
- There is really not much for the session chair to do after the session, but it’s good practice to contact each of the speakers before they leave the room.